Evandro Teixeira. Chile 1973
By ANDREA C. T. WANDERLEY
Born in Irajuba, Bahia, on December 25.
While living in Ipiaú (Bahia), Evandro meet Valter Lessa (1932-), his first photography instructor, in whose laboratory he discovers the greatest Brazilian photojournalists, while flipping through O Cruzeiro magazine. One of them, José Medeiros (1921-1990), with whom with whom he take a correspondence course in photography, becomes his mentor and greatest influence.
He moves to Salvador and becomes an intern at the Diário de Notícias newspaper in Bahia.
He disembarks in Rio de Janeiro and begins his professional career the following year in the Diários Associados newspapers in Rio de Janeiro.
He starts working for the magazine Mundo Ilustrado.
He joins the Diários de Notícias team, and covers the World Cup in Chile, the first of several World Cups he will photograph.
He joins Jornal do Brasil (JB), where he works until 2010. The editor-in-chief was Alberto Dines (1932-2018), who remained in office until 1973. Initially he integrates the photojournalism team, led by Dilson Martins and later, by Alberto Ferreira Lima (1932-2007).
On April 30, a photograph signed by him is published on the cover of JB. It depicted a horse race at the Pan American Games in Sao Paulo. It was considered one of the best sports photos of the year by the newspaper.
He is the photographer of the series "Bloqueio no mar" [Blockage at Sea], for which reporter José Gonçalves Fontes (1934-2000) receive the Esso Hors Concours Journalism Award in 1964.
He gets married to Marly Caldas, a primary school teacher, with whom he has daughters Carina (1964-) and Adryana (1968-).
On March 13, he photographed the rally in Central do Brasil, with the presence of the First Lady, Maria Thereza (1936-), and President João Goulart (1919-1976), who would be deposed from power a few weeks later. He portrays the military coup of 1964 by producing an iconic image, the takeover of the Copacabana Fort, published on the cover of JB on April 2, 1964.
In these years, he take two of his most outstanding photographs. The first, Fall of the FAB Motorcyclist, was the JB cover of September 18, 1965. The second, Bayonets and Dragonflies, was the JB cover of May 22 and 23, 1966.
A solo exhibition with his work is held at the Berlin International Fair in Germany.
Throughout the year, he photographs the major student demonstrations, such as the seventh-day mass of the student Edson Luís on April 4, murdered at the Calabouço restaurant on March 28; the Bloody Friday, on June 21; and the Hundred Thousand March on June 26. He photographs the Chilean poet Pablo Neruda (1904-1973) and his wife Matilde Urrutia (1912-1985) during their visit to Brazil.
He participates in the coverage of Queen Elizabeth II´s (1926-2022) only trip to Brazil.
During this year, he begins to collaborate with various articles from the JB fashion editor.
On December 13, he photographs the military apparatus in front of the Laranjeiras Palace, where the Institutional Act no. 5 was signed. Due to the censorship, the photo was not shown until 40 years later, in the exhibition IA(s) Never Again – Images that Brazil Did Not See or Forget, at Caixa Cultural, in Rio de Janeiro.
On May 30, at the Museum of Modern Art in Rio de Janeiro, an exhibition of works selected for the 6th Paris Biennial, including Teixeira’s photographs, was dismantled hours before the opening by order of the Cultural Department of the Ministry of International Affairs.
He receives the prize of the Inter-American Press Society (Miami, United States).
He participates in the collective exhibition The Unknown Photographer, at the Museum of Contemporary Art of the University of São Paulo in November and December.
He and the reporter Paulo César de Araújo (1943-1987) are sent by JB to Chile, where they stay for about 20 days to cover the military coup of September 11.
He is the first member of the press to know that Pablo Neruda had been taken ill from his home on Isla Black, El Quisco, to the Santa María Clinic in Santiago. He is the only one to photograph Neruda dead in the hospital. He also documents the mourning in La Chascona, the writer’s residence in Santiago, as well as the procession and the funeral.
He receives the Nikon International Contest Award (Japan), which he will win again in 1991.
He covers the Jonestown Massacre, orchestrated by Pastor Jim Jones (1931-1978) in Guyana, where more than 900 people committed suicide.
He participates in collective exhibition Veneza 79 – Hecho en Latino-America in Italy with Claudia Andujar (1931-) and Geraldo de Barros (1923-1988).
He records the birthday of the poet Vinicius de Moraes (1913-1980) at the Carreta Steakhouse in Ipanema, with the musicians Tom Jobim (1927-1994) and Chico Buarque (1944-) lying on the tables.
He participates in the coverage of Pope John Paul II’s (1920-2005) trip to Brazil.
The book Evandro Teixeira – Photojournalism is published, with prefaces by Carlos Drummond de Andrade (1902-1987), Antonio Callado (1917-1997), and Otto Lara Resende (1922-1992).
An exhibition of his photos opens at GB Arte in Rio de Janeiro.
He participates in coverage of the Seoul Olympics, one of several Olympic Games that he has photographed.
A wink that Ayrton Senna (1960-1994) gave to McLaren boss Ron Dennis (1947-), just before winning the pole-position at the Formula 1 Brazilian Grand Prix, has been recorded forever. The photo was on the cover of the March 26, 1991 issue of JB.
The exhibition Evandro Teixeira: Photographien is being held at the Klaus Littmann Gallery in Basel, Switzerland.
He captured a reserved and discreet Ayrton Senna dancing samba during the Samba School Parade in Rio de Janeiro. The photo became a JB cover and was published in newspapers around the world.
He participates in the collective exhibition Brazil of Brazilians at the Zurich Museum of Fine Arts, Switzerland.
In the city of Aprazível, Ceará, he produces another of his iconic photos, of a couple on a bicycle taking their three-month-old son to be buried. The following year, the photo, titled Burial of an Angel, won the UNESCO Special Award in the International Contest "Family" in Japan.
He covers the ECO-92, held in Rio de Janeiro.
His resume is included in the Swiss Encyclopedia of Photography, which profiles the most important photographers in the world are recorded.
In Minas Gerais, he photographs Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva (1945-) with children forming the letter L with their fingers, the symbol of the presidential campaign of the Workers’ Party candidate.
He follows President Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1931-) on a trip to Asia and Europe.
At the initiative of the Museum of Image and Sound, he leaves his hand and signature on the Wall of Fame.
Publication of the book Canudos, 100 Years, with text by Ivana Bentes (1964-) and a preface by Antonio Callado; and opening of the exhibition with the same title at BNDES Space, in Rio de Janeiro.
He and Sebastião Salgado (1944-) are the only Brazilians to participate in the collective exhibition Magical Moments II, promoted by Leica in New York.
Photographs taken by him are published in the first edition of the Photography Notebooks of Instituto Moreira Salles, dedicated to the Canudos War.
Premiere of the documentary Evandro Teixeira: Snapshots of Reality (2003), directed by Paulo Fontenelle (1970-). An exhibition with the same title is held at the Federal Justice Cultural Center.
Publication of the book I Shall Live: A Tribute to the Poet Pablo Neruda, with ten poems by Neruda, text by Fritz Utzeri (1945-2013) and photographs taken by Evandro at the time of the writer's death in 1973.
The Canudos, 100 Years exhibition is held at the Photo Visions Gallery, in Montpellier, as part of the Year of Brazil in France program.
He gives an interview for the series Testimonial to Posterity of the Image and Sound Museum of Rio de Janeiro.
He participates in the parade of the samba school Unidos da Tijuca, whose plot was "From Little to Little, Tijuca Gives a Click on the Avenue". He becomes head of the JB photography department.
The book 1968 Destinations 2008 – The March of the100,000 is published with the presence of the participants of the march of June 26, 1968. Teixeira photographs each person in the same place where they were photographed on the day of the demonstration.
He participates in the exhibition MAM 60 Years, with works that would be presented at the Paris Pre-Biennial in 1969. The exhibition is the winner of the Marcantonio Vilaça Prize for Fine Arts, the purpose of which is the acquisition of Teixeira’s photographs for the museum.
The commemorative edition of the book Vidas Secas, by Graciliano Ramos (1892-1953) is published on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of its original publication, with exclusive photographs made by Teixeira.
He wins the State Culture Prize of Rio de Janeiro in the category of Registry.
On August 22, Teixeira's last photo shoot for JB is published, There Is Light at the End of the Cave, about the pilgrimage to Bom Jesus da Lapa, Bahia.
After 47 years of collaboration, he resigned from the newspaper.
He wins the Comunique-se Award in the category of Best Image Reporter.
Together with Orlando Brito (1950-2022), Rogério Reis (1954-) and Igo Estrela, he photographs the Quarup Festival in the Yawalapiti community.
The solo exhibition Leaden Time, Bossa Time opens at Galeria Tempo, Rio de Janeiro.
Together with 18 other photojournalists, he participates in the exhibition Brazilian Photojournalists: from Bossa Nova to Global Power, at the UN in New York.
He participates in the collective exhibitions A Glance over Brazil and Resisting Is a Must, both at the Tomie Ohtake Institute, in São Paulo.
The exhibition Down with the Dictatorship – A Photographic Suite of Evandro Teixeira opens at the Afro Brasil Museum in São Paulo,
The book Evandro Teixeira – A Certain Look, by Silvana Costa Moreira, is published.
He participates in the collective exhibition Soccer, Brazilian Passion, at the Paris City Hall.
The book Evandro Teixeira – Portraits of Time – 50 Years of Photojournalism is published by Bazar do Tempo.
The exhibition Evandro Teixeira – The Constitution of the World, curated by Marcia Mello and Paulo Herkenhoff, opens at the Rio Art Museum.
He wins the Brazil Photography Award 2015, in the Special category.
He is honored by ArtRio, in Rio de Janeiro, with an exhibition curated by Marcia Mello.
His work, with more than 150,000 photographs, goes to the guard of the Instituto Moreira Salles. His first cameras, a telephoto device, magazines, books, newspapers and exhibition catalogs are also added to the IMS collection.
With the photo Family at the Funeral, he is one of 12 artists participating in the exhibition On the Other Side, a show of panels installed in the streets of Lisbon, Portugal.
He is the honoree of the 18th Paraty in Focus Festival.
Inauguration of the exhibition Evandro Teixeira. Chile, 1973, with the publication of a catalog with the same title on March 21, at the IMS São Paulo.