Produced by the BBC in 1961, the series The Destruction of the Indian, by Adrian Cowell, denounced the threats facing the people of the Amazon. In the episode on the Xingu, The Heart of the Forest, filmed shortly before demarcation, the director asks if traditional rituals and celebrations were destined to become extinct.
Anthropologist Robert L. Carneiro lived among the Kuikuro in the 1950s and 1970s. The photographs he took during his field research document deeply rooted cultural practices in detail, such as the healing ritual seen here.
In the documentary The Hyperwomen, anthropologist Carlos Fausto and filmmakers Takumã Kuikuro and Leonardo Sette show how the making of the film encouraged the Kuikuro to reestablish an ancient feminine ritual, the Jamurikumalu.